Energy consumption and affordable electricity are key drivers of economic growth. Increased production of renewable energy will bring down electricity prices for all consumers, contribute to nature conservation and ensure energy security. Estonia has set itself the objective of producing at least as much green energy as is consumed here by 2030. In order to achieve this objective, it is necessary to construct environmentally friendly power plants on a large scale, with offshore wind energy being a suitable technology for this. We can achieve a carbon-neutral economy through the use of renewable energy coupled with storage solutions.
The offshore wind farm is designed to have a capacity of up to 1,100 MW and between 55 and 73 wind turbines, depending on turbine height and other technical specifications. Wind turbine technology is developing rapidly and, as a result, less turbines are needed to achieve the same total capacity.
The turbines and other equipment in the wind farm are interconnected by submarine cables. The onshore cables are located in the Tahkuna area. The placement of wind turbines and the final route of the transmission line will be determined based on the environmental impact assessment and technical studies.
Area covered by superficies licence: 174 km2
Choice of technology: to be specified during technical studies
Connection to the electricity network: Aulepa substation
Distance from Tahkuna Peninsula: 15 km
Distance from Kärdla: 16 km
Distance from Ristna: 12 km
The offshore wind farm will create jobs in Hiiumaa both during the construction phase and throughout its operational lifetime. During the construction phase, both local construction and service enterprises will be involved in the process. The establishment of the Loode-Eesti offshore wind farm is projected to create approximately 300 new jobs during construction.
It is estimated that during the operational lifetime of the wind farm around 150 stable, long-term and high value-added jobs will be created in Hiiumaa in connection with the operation, maintenance and repair of wind turbines. Pärnumaa Vocational Education Centre offers training for wind turbine technicians as of December 2022.
In addition to jobs directly associated with wind turbine maintenance, new opportunities will also arise in indirectly affected areas. The wind farm will attract regular visits from specialists across different fields, create a new tourist attraction and develop new opportunities for aquaculture.